Contrary to popular belief, a cataract is not a "film" that forms on the eye but is the result of a natural change occurring inside the eye. As the eye ages, the natural, normally clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy allowing significantly less light to pass through. Light becomes scattered instead of focused causing blurry, dull vision.
Most cataracts develop slowly, typically after age 60. As clouding progresses, cataracts eventually interfere with vision. They usually develop in both eyes, although one eye may be worse than the other eye.
Symptoms of a cataract include:
- Cloudy, blurry, or dim vision, some describe as if looking through a foggy window
- Difficulty seeing at night or in low light
- Sensitivity to light and glare
- Seeing halos around lights
- Faded or yellowed colors
- The need for brighter light for reading and other activities
- Frequent changes in eyeglass or contact lens prescription
- Double vision within one eye
Surgical removal of the clouded lens is the only "treatment" for a cataract. There are no medications, eye drops, exercises, or glasses that will improve the cataract. If the cataract is not removed, vision will continue to get worse and prescription glasses may no longer be effectual.
During cataract surgery, the cataract-affected lens is broken up and suctioned out. An intraocular lens (IOL) replaces the natural lens restoring the ability to focus clearly. Advancements in technology have enabled IOLs to lessen or even eliminate the need for glasses after cataract surgery. Eye Care Specialists offers innovative IOL options including toric, multifocal, and accommodating lenses. Click here to learn more.